Wednesday, September 13, 2017

Famous Italians From Dalmatia

Some notable Dalmatian Italians (from left to right): Elio Lampridio Cerva, Marino Ghetaldi,
Fausto Veranzio, Giorgio Baglivi, Ruggiero Giuseppe Boscovich & Niccolò Tommaseo

(Full biographies: Italian Biographies: Dalmatia)

Brief biographies of some famous Dalmatian Italians, an indigenous ethnic group from Dalmatia. The Dalmatian Italians have an illustrious history and have made notable contributions to culture, religion, military, politics, literature, arts, sciences and civilization, which should not be forgotten.

Dalmatia is a historical Italian region which is today divided between Croatia and Montenegro. The Dalmatian Italians, who have inhabited the region for more than 2000 years, declined in number after the 16th century due to war, pestilence and the migration of Slavic refugees, but continued to form a majority until the 17th century and continued to predominate in all the coastal cities until the 19th and 20th centuries. At the turn of the 19th century, one third of the Dalmatian population was Italian.

The Dalmatian Italians faced persecution and discrimination under the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In the decades before World War I, the Habsburg government and Pan-Slavists pursued a systematic policy of Slavicization and de-Italianization of Dalmatia, so that by the end of the war the Dalmatian Italians were reduced to a small minority in their own land. The Treaty of Versailles assigned most of Dalmatia to Yugoslavia, causing thousands of Dalmatian Italians to flee to Italy. The Treaty of Rome restored one third of Dalmatia to Italy, allowing the Dalmatian Italians to return home.

Towards the end of World War II the Dalmatian Italians were again targeted and subjected to ethnic cleansing by the Yugoslavs, who invaded Italian Dalmatia and annexed it to Communist Yugoslavia in 1947. About 350,000 Italians from Dalmatia, Istria and the surrounding region of Julian Venetia were forced into exile after the war. Their homes and property were confiscated and their cities were occupied by the Yugoslavs. The Dalmatian Italians and their exiled descendants patiently await the return of their homeland to Italy.

  Paolo Andreis - Italian historian
  Thomas the Archdeacon - Italian historian and priest
  Arnolfo Bacotich - Italian historian and journalist
  Giorgio Baglivi - Italian anatomist, medical scientist and physician
  Antonio Bajamonti - Italian physician and politician
  Giulio Bajamonti - Italian composer, physician, philosopher, polygraph and historian
  Anselmo Banduri - Italian monk, scholar, archaeologist and numismatist
  Federico Bencovich - Italian painter
  Francesco Antonio Bertuccio - Italian diplomat, friar and knight
  Gian Francesco Biondi - Italian writer, diplomat and historian
  Girolamo Bisanti - Italian naval captain; commander in the Battle of Lepanto
  Trifone Bisanti - Italian theologian, diplomat, scholar and bishop
  Savino de Bobali - Italian poet
  Giovanni Bona de Boliris - Italian poet and writer
  Francesco Bolizza - Italian diplomat and courier
  Mariano Bolizza - Italian diplomat, writer, poet and priest
  Natale Bonifacio - Italian carver and engraver
  Bonino de Boninis - Italian publisher, typographer and priest
  Ruggiero Giuseppe Boscovich - Italian scientist, mathematician, priest and polymath
  Domenico Bucchia - Italian theologian and priest
  Vincenzo Bucchia - Italian theologian and bishop
  Bernardo Caboga - Italian nobleman and military commander
  Biagio Caboga - Italian diplomat and nobleman
  Biagio Bernardo Caboga - Italian nobleman and military commander
  Marino Caboga - Italian lawyer and priest
  Francesco Carrara - Italian archaeologist and priest
  Pietro Canavelli - Italian poet and translator
  Marco de Casotti - Italian journalist and novelist
  Elio Lampridio Cerva - Italian poet and lexicographer
  Serafino Cerva - Italian scholar and priest
  Alvise Cippico - Italian bishop and archbishop
  Alvise Cippico (Luigi Cipoco) - Italian naval captain; commander in the Battle of Lepanto
  Antonio Cippico - Italian politician, poet, patriot, journalist and lecturer
  Coriolano Cippico - Italian historian, landowner and military commander
  Trifone Cocoglia - Italian painter
  Arturo Colautti - Italian journalist, writer and librettist
  Benedetto Cotrugli - Italian merchant, economist and diplomat
  Giovanni Creglianovich-Albinoni - Italian writer, librettist and playwright
  Federico Crisogono - Italian physician and scientist
  Raimondo Cunich - Italian latinist and priest
  Giulio Camillo Delminio - Italian philosopher
  Francesco Suppé Demelli - Italian composer
  Vincenzo Drago - Italian historian
  Francesco Salghetti-Drioli - Italian painter and entrepreneur
  Alessandro Dudan - Italian historian and politician
  Vincenzo Duplancich - Italian journalist, writer and politician
  Roberto Ferruzzi - Italian painter
  Riccardo Forster - Italian poet, journalist and theatre critic
  Giovanni Francesco Fortunio - Italian grammarian, jurist and politician
  Angelo Antonio Frari - Italian physician
  Giuseppe Frari - Italian physician
  Luigi Frari - Italian physician and politician
  Michele Carlo Frari - Italian obstetrician and inventor
  Marco Faustino Gagliuffi - Italian poet
  Bernardino Gallelli - Italian ecclesiastic
  Marino Ghetaldi - Italian scientist and mathematician
  Francesco Ghetaldi-Gondola - Italian politician
  Roberto Ghiglianovich - Italian politician, lawyer and patriot
  Ignazio Giorgi - Italian historian, poet, priest and abbot
  Paladino Gondola - Italian diplomat and merchant
  Nicolò Vito di Gozze - Italian philosopher and politician
  Stefano Gradi - Italian scientist, philosopher, poet and priest
  Gasparo Graziani - Italian polyglot and diplomat; Voivode of Moldavia
  Pope John IV - Italian ecclesiastic; pope
  Natale Krekich - Italian politician and patriot
  Luigi Lapenna - Italian politician
  Francesco Laurana - Italian architect, sculptor and medalist
  Luciano Laurana - Italian architect
  Francesco Leonardi - Italian bishop and missionary
  Giovanni Eleuterio Lovrovich - Italian historian and priest
  Antonio Lubin - Italian writer, teacher and priest
  Giovanni Lucio - Italian historian
  Lorenzo Doimi de Lupis - Italian physician and nobleman
  Girolamo Luxardo - Italian entrepreneur and diplomat; founder of Luxardo liqueur
  Francesco Malipiero - Italian abbot and archbishop
  Girolamo Manfrin - Italian entrepreneur
  Bernardino Marin - Italian bishop
  Giorgio Martinuzzi - Italian statesman, cardinal, archbishop and monk; Regent of Hungary
  Lino Maupas - Italian friar
  Andrea Meldolla - Italian painter and etcher
  Luigi Mion - Italian painter
  Raffaele Molin - Italian scientist, physician, zoologist and geologist
  Michele Monaldi - Italian mathematician, philosopher and poet
  Pietro Doimo Munzani - Italian archbishop
  Nino Nutrizio - Italian journalist and football coach
  Giorgio Orsini da Sebenico - Italian architect, sculptor and urbanist
  Giovanni Battista Benedetti Paladini - Italian naval captain; commander in the Battle of Lepanto
  Nicolò Paladini - Italian naval captain
  Paolo Paladini - Italian poet and naval captain
  Pier Alessandro Paravia - Italian writer, philologist, philanthropist and professor
  Ludovico Pasquali - Italian poet and soldier
  Antonio Pini-Corsi - Italian operatic baritone
  Giuseppe Praga - Italian historian and archivist
  Domenico Ragnina - Italian poet
  Giorgio Raguseo - Italian philosopher, philologist, mathematician, physician and priest
  Oscar Randi - Italian historian
  Francesco Rismondo - Italian soldier and patriot
  Benedetto Rogacci - Italian theologian, grammarian, poet and priest
  Romeo Romei - Italian naval officer, corvette captain and submarine commander
  Martino Rota - Italian engraver, etcher, painter and cartographer
  Giuseppe Sabalich - Italian historian, journalist and poet
  Franco Sacchetti - Italian poet and novelist
  Leonardo Salimbeni - Italian engineer and mathematician
  Ercolano Salvi - Italian politician and patriot
  Giorgio Schiavone - Italian painter
  Federico Seismit-Doda - Italian politician, patriot and journalist
  Giovanni Soglian - Italian teacher and linguist
  Luca Sorgo - Italian composer
  Benedetto Stay - Italian poet and priest
  Giovanni Domenico Stratico - Italian bishop and theologian
  Michele Stratico - Italian composer and violinist
  Simone Stratico - Italian mathematician, physicist and nautical scientist
  Antonio Tacconi - Italian politician
  Ildebrando Tacconi - Italian historian, lecturer and scholar
  Niccolò Tommaseo - Italian linguist, writer and patriot
  Ruggero Tommaseo - Italian journalist, writer and patriot
  Biagio di Giorgio da Traù - Italian painter
  Nicolò Trigari - Italian politician
  Ludovico Cerva Tuberone - Italian historian
  Antonio Varisco - Italian carabiniere officer
  Giorgio Ventura - Italian painter
  Antonio Veranzio - Italian cardinal, archbishop and diplomat
  Fausto Veranzio - Italian philosopher, historian, bishop, inventor, lexicographer and polymath
  Roberto de Visiani - Italian botanist, naturalist, physician and scholar
  Bernardo Zamagna - Italian poet, translator, theologian and priest
  Luigi Ziliotto - Italian politician, lawyer and patriot
  Bernardo Zuzzeri - Italian missionary and priest
  Flora Zuzzeri - Italian poetess
  Giovanni Luca Zuzzeri - Italian numismatist, archaeologist and priest